Compliance with safety regulations is crucial to operating a sound business.  Companies that do not comply with national and international life safety standards are on thin ice, and open to severe risk.

 

Every company is at risk if deemed non-compliant in some respect.  External investigation and proven compliance breaches pose serious dangers: fines and penalties, inability to operate, removal from stock exchange listings and other associated activities can easily happen as a result of non-compliance. Worse, safety risks to the public and employees can result in injury and loss of life – leading to litigation, severe economic loss and potential criminal charges, depending on the severity of the breach.

 

Being compliant not only protects your business, but can enhance your reputation with customers, suppliers and your employees as well as other important stakeholders such as financial institutions and regulators.

 

Induction Group does much more than complete checklists.  We understand the audit’s purpose, current standards and regulator expectations  – and use our skills to assure that YOU understand how to meet relevant requirements – and get what you need to reduce threats.

 

  • Know what constitutes a compliant system
  • It must continuously meet the minimal criteria for arrangement and performance of all components, under ambient conditions – not only as tested in a lab!
  • Demonstrate compliance
  • Understand the complete requirements
  • Identify critical concerns that demonstrate the level of risk
  • Incorporate safety considerations into the design of robust and effective systems
  • Understand and implement  best practice
Emergency Evacuation Systems
Emergency Evacuation Systems
Emergency Evacuation Systems
Emergency Evacuation Systems
Emergency Evacuation Systems

Types of Pathway Marking Systems

Train
SHIP low location lighting
LLEPM train

Experience from past events as well as studies undertaken by researchers and regulators advises that rapid evacuation during emergency related events may have a significant impact on survivability.

 

Illuminated low-level pathway marking systems are used to provide visible delineation of the path of travel along designated exit route(s).  Markings should be essentially continuous, and systems may also mandate various information notices such as directional symbols and signs to provide additional guidance.  Specific details on placement locations and luminance criteria are determined by applicable life safety code requirements.


Maritime: Low Location Lighting (LLL)

The sinking of the Titanic in 1912 was a monumental tragedy that led the whole maritime community into new ways of thinking: prescriptive, deterministic, reactive regulations were created to fill the gaps which had only become obvious in the wake of accidents.

 

In 1929, with the birth of the international maritime convention SOLAS (Safety of Life at Sea), the IMO (International Maritime Organisation) gradually introduced mandatory regulations for ship construction and safety, frequently incited by a tragedies, to prevent further disasters.

 

Currently, ISO 15370: 2010 requirements are mandated for both new and existing passenger vessels with more than 36 passengers, as well as Ro-Ro passenger vessels (in addition to IMO 752.18 requirements, in effect since 1993).

 

For naval vessels, the International Naval Safety Association (INSA) adopted the Naval Ship Code (ANEP-77, Edition F) to provide a naval alternative to the commercial ship safety standard SOLAS.


Rail: Low Location Exit Pathway Marking Systems  (LLEPM)

Regulators of rail transit systems around the world have expressed a commitment to increasing safety by establishing requirements to assist occupants in reaching and operating primary emergency exits, particularly under conditions of darkness,  smoke or toxic fumes.

 

The industry consensus of acceptable safety practices require installation and maintenance of an emergency signage system complemented by floor proximity lighting, in compliance with performance criteria specified in referenced emergency signage standards.

 

Initially implemented as recommendations, such standards have now become mandatory in many countries (e.g. UK, USA, EU, Japan, etc.)


Aviation: Floor Proximity Escape Path Marking Systems (FPEPMS)

Since 1986, passenger transport aircraft must demonstrate that a full load of passengers can be evacuated in less than 90 seconds using only half the available exits before they are certified to operate in Australian airspace.  United States Federal Aviation Administration Regulations Part 121 and other international standards also require the installation of floor proximity emergency escape path marking.

 

The purpose of this lighting is to provide emergency evacuation guidance for passengers when all sources of illumination, more than 4 feet above the cabin aisle floor, are totally obscured.

Buildings

Findings of the World Trade Centre investigation of ‘Occupant Behaviour, Egress and Emergency Communications’ stated that photoluminescent markings, implemented after the 1993 bombings, were critical to evacuation.

 

33% of survivors in WTC1, and 17% in WTC 2 stated that they were helped by such markings; as WTC 2 collapsed first, causing power loss in WTC 1, the photoluminescent qualities of the system became more visible.

 

Many international building and life safety codes now include requirements for egress path marking systems.

emergency path marking-aviation
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